Paris, France â The 2017 World Press Freedom Index compiled by the Paris based World Media Watchdog, "Reporters Without Borders" (RSF) reflects a world in which attacks on the media have become commonplace and strongmen are on the rise.
"We have reached the age of post-truth, propaganda, and suppression of freedoms," RSF said in a statement issued on April 25, 2017.
RSFâs latest World Press Freedom Index highlights the danger of a tipping point in the state of media freedom in many countries. Media freedom has retreated wherever the authoritarian strongman model has triumphed.
The obsession with surveillance and violations of the right to the confidentiality of sources have contributed to the continuing decline of many countries previously regarded as virtuous. Read more about the 2017 World Press Freedom Index.
Journalism weakened by democracyâs erosion In sickening statements, draconian laws, conflicts of interest, and even the use of physical violence, democratic governments are trampling on a freedom that should, in principle, be one of their leading performance indicators. The decline is not new. It was already noticeable in previous Indexes. But what is striking in this yearâs Index is the scale and the nature of the violations seen. Read more about Journalism weakened by democracyâs erosion.
Ever darker world map Media freedom is under threat now more than ever. A total of 21 countries are now colored black on the press freedom map because the situation there is classified as âvery bad,â and 51 are colored red ; the situation in these countries is classified as âbad.â In all, the situation has worsened in nearly two thirds (62.2%) of the 180 countries in the Index. The 2017 World Press Freedom Index unveils woes and ills that are obstacles to media freedom throughout the world. throughout the world. Read more about "Ever darker world map"
RSF said that "The Asia-Pacific region is the third worst violator overall but holds many of the worst kinds of records. Two of its countries, China (176th) and Vietnam (175th), are the worldâs biggest prisons for journalists and bloggers. It has some of the most dangerous countries for journalists: Pakistan (139th), Philippines (127th) and Bangladesh (146th). It also has the biggest number of âpress freedom predatorsâ at the head of the worldâs worst dictatorships, including China, North Korea (180th), and Laos (170th), which are news and information black holes."
âMore and more Asian governments deliberately confuse the rule of law with rule by law,â said Benjamin IsmaÃ¯l, the head of RSFâs Asia-Pacific desk. âBy adopting increasingly draconian laws, governments with authoritarian tendencies hope to justify their attempts to gag the media and critics. When this is not enough to ward off condemnation by the international community, these governments are quick to brandish the principles of non-interference, sovereignty or even national security in order to escape their international human rights obligations and their constitutional duty to protect freedom of the media and information.â
Published annually by RSF since 2002, the World Press Freedom Index measures the level of media freedom in 180 countries, including the level of pluralism, media independence, and respect for the safety and freedom of journalists. The 2017 Index takes account of violations that took place between January 1st and December 31st of 2016.
The global indicator and the regional indicators are calculated based on the scores assigned to each country. The country scores are calculated from the answers to a questionnaire in 20 languages that is completed by experts throughout the world, supported by a qualitative analysis. The scores and indicators measure the level of constraints and violations, so the higher the figure, the worse the situation. Because of growing awareness of the Index, it is an extremely useful and increasingly influential advocacy tool.