His Holiness the Dalai Lama on Tuesday said Tibet was "not seeking separation" from China, but instead it was in Tibet's interest to remain part of China because of the material benefits this brought to the occupied region.
His Holiness the Dalai Lama, participated online in an episode of 'The Stream', a social media community with its own daily TV show on Al Jazeera English during his second day dialogue with youth leaders of the United Nation's Institute of Peace, USIP.
Tibet was "not seeking separation" from China, but was instead "very much committed to remain within People's Republic of China, provided they give us certain rights, mentioned in the Chinese constitution" and those be "fully implemented on spot."
"We respect Chinese people, historical and cultured, hardworking people. Now today, as matter of fact, it is the most populated nation and over 2000 years, China and Tibet had very close relationship through marriage," His Holiness said.
"We are not seeing independence, separation, (from China) inspite of past history, we always look at today's reality and I am one of the person who really admire spirit of European Union so China," he told the Al Jazeera.
"We are very much committed to remain within People's Republic of China, provided they should give us certain right, mentioned in Chinese constitution, should be implemented fully on spot," said the spiritual leader of Tibet.
"So we usually call the Middle Way Approach, not seeking separation but not satisfied with existing policy or situation," the Nobel Peace laureate told the TV channel.
A correspondent from Lebanon wanted to know what challenges His Holiness had faced as a refugee. "It was quite confusing at first," he replied, "but fortunately we have long had close connections with India. With the support of the people and government of India, as well as help from other friends across the world. We've been able to look after ourselves."
"Most important, we have kept alive the knowledge that has been part of our tradition for more than a thousand yearsâand now we are able to share what is relevant in it with our brothers and sisters across the world."
The president of the Central Tibetan Administration Dr Lobsang Sangay appeared on the Impact Program of the BBC World with host Yalda Hakim on Thursday, November 23. The interview streamed live touched on various topics concerning His Holiness the Dalai Lama, Tibet and the Tibetan freedom struggle. Below is the full transcript of the interview.
BBC: Chinese government have accused you of creating all sort of trouble within Tibet
Dr. Sangay: Yes. They call me 100 percent separatist, that I have never done anything good for Tibet and Tibetan People. I disagree. But even if they say 99 percent, leave 1 percent room for improvement they have not left that. But all I am doing is advocating the basic rights of the Tibetan people, genuine autonomy within China within the framework of the Chinese constitution. And what we promote is dialogue between the envoys of Dalai Lama and representative of the Chinese government. So this is a very reasonable, non-violent, peaceful way of solving the issue of Tibet.
BBC: Is the dialogue taking place?
DR. Sangay: Unfortunately not. Since January 2010, it has been now more than 7 years there has been no dialogue between the envoys of the Dalai Lama and Chinese representative. And we would like to see that the Issue of Tibet resolve peacefully.
BBC: Because they refuse to meet with you, they wonât talk to you.
Dr. Sangay: I donât think they will meet with me, at least they should meet with the envoys of The Dalai Lama. You know he is a spiritual leader and he is most revered around the world, and he is very reasonable as well. And I hope President Xi Jinping in his second term will look at Tibet as low hanging fruit because in second term normally they do deal with complicated issues like Barack Obama dealing with Iran and Cuba. Hopefully, President Xi Jinping will you know continue his fatherâs legacy. His father was very close to Late Panchen Lama, he was very familiar with the Tibet issue. Hopefully you know, Xi Jinping will be like his father.
BBC:Â Chinaâs growing presence on the international stage, its economic growth and power. Have you found that attitudes globally towards the Tibetan cause has diminish as a result?
Dr. Sangay: Not just Tibetan cause. Generally human rights, democracy, environmental rights, all these discourse are diminished or diluted in all the countries where they have free trade agreement. Now in the 19th Party Congress Xi Jinping has said, Xi Jinpingâs thought is socialism with Chinese characteristic in new era which means no liberal democracy, no freedom of speech, no election just one party rule. That is what they are bringing to the table. In new era means the international frontier, international community. So thats the challenge. And hence I have been to Australia, New Zealand, Denmark, Norway just recently and they all donât want to talk much about Tibet, human right, democracy. This is you know quiet scary because there is lot of self censorship going on.
BBC: Because they are concerned about damaging their relationship with China.
Dr. Sangay: Precisely, but the issue is should we transform China and make them look more like us, liberal democracy, or should we transform to look more like China. Thats the choice. So hence we have to take a principle stand. Of course you must have free trade, you must engage with China, but donât give free-pass
BBC: A lot of countries have been with this One Belt One RoadÂ
Dr. Sangay: Thats true. Donât give free-pass on human rights. One Belt One Road 60 some countries have subscribed to it. Itâs okay. But as far as Tibet is concern, we lost our country after one road. Chinese promised us that this road will lead to prosperity and peace, and we helped them build that road. And Chinese paid us silver coins, in fact they build a silver coin factory in Chengdu. And after the road was completed, trucks came, tanks came, guns came and thatâs how our country was occupied. So, One Belt One Road is good, but I think there should be quid pro quo and principled trade based on human rights.
BBC: The Dalai Lama, we are hearing report is saying that he probably wonât travel as much or will probably not travel at all abroad. So much of the hope of the campaigning the cause is now on you.
Dr. Sangay: Now thatâs a big shoes to fill. His Holiness the Dalai Lama recently told a group of youth who had come from all over that I will be travelling more on his behalf, but Iâll do so. But His Holiness is very healthy, he will be travelling to various countries around the world and he is the best spokesperson and the best face for the Tibetan cause. I wonât be able to fill in his shoes but he is definitely sharing or giving me more responsibilities and I will do the best I can.
BBC: Lobsang, thank you so much for joining us here on the program and share your thoughts.
Dr. Sangay: Thank you so much Yalda and good to see you again.
Watch the full interview here:
China has entered a "new era" where it should "take centre stage in the world", President Xi Jinping says. The country's rapid progress under "socialism with Chinese characteristics" shows there is "a new choice for other countries", he told the Communist Party congress. The closed-door summit determines who rules China and the country's direction for the next term. Mr Xi has been consolidating power and is expected to remain as party chief.